Dark Light Dwellers (UN-D-7983)
1. To understand what occurred in the nuclear incident of 1982, a little knowledge of how a nuclear reactor works might be of use.
Nuclear energy is created when opposing atoms are kept at critical levels. Using Uranium rods as fuel, Neutrons are introduced and smash into the nucleus of the uranium atoms, which split roughly in half and release energy in the form of heat.
In order for the reactor to work efficiently the uranium, must be kept at critical levels. Not so high that it becomes unstable, but not so little as not to create energy.
The reactor is controlled with "control rods", made of boron, which absorb neutrons. If the reactor gets too hot, the control rods are lowered to absorb more neutrons and the fission process slows down. To generate more power, the rods are raised so that more neutrons can crash into uranium atoms.